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      1. 哪些動詞接doing和to do意思相同

        哪些動詞接doing和to do意思相同

        一、用法歸納

        有的動詞既可接不定式作賓語,也可接動名詞作賓語,且含義基本相同,這類動詞數量非常有限,在中學英語中主要有like(喜歡),love(喜歡),hate(憎恨),prefer(寧可),begin(開始),start(開始),continue(繼續),can’t bear(不能忍受),intend(打算),bother(麻煩),attempt(試圖),cease(停止)等。如:

        I like being [to be] with her. 我喜歡與她在一起。

        Children love playing [to play]. 兒童愛玩。

        Our boss hates to be delayed [being delayed]. 我們老板對耽擱時間很反感。

        I prefer staying [to stay] indoors on cold winter evenings. 在冬天的夜晚我寧愿呆在家里。

        She began playing [to play] the guitar when she was six. 她6歲開始彈吉他。

        It has started to rain [raining]. 開始下雨了。

        They continued to meet [meeting] every day. 他們繼續每天都見面。

        He can’t bear travelling [to travel] by sea. 他坐不了海船。

        He intends to buy [buying] a house. 他打算買一所房子。

        Don’t bother to lock [locking] the door. 別費事鎖門了。

        Don’t attempt doing [to do] it by yourself. 不要企圖一個人去做這件事。

        She never ceased complaining [to complain] about prices. 她沒完沒了地抱怨物價。

        二、用法注意

        1. 當 like, love, hate, prefer 與 would, should 連用時,其后只能接不定式,不能接動名詞——因為這樣用時,它是表示特定的想法,而非一般性喜好。如:

        I’d like to go with them. 我想同他們一起去。

        I’d love to have a word with you. 我想同你說句話。

        2. 當begin, start, cease, continue等動詞本身為-ing形式時,其后通常要用不定式,不用動名詞,因為兩個-ing形式的重復讓人聽起來會覺得別扭。如:

        It is ceasing to rain. 雨快停了(www.www.nc939.com)。

        He was beginning to recover when he had another attack. 他正在開始恢復時,突然病又發作了。

        We’re starting to get invited to some of the neighbours’ parties. 我們正開始受到邀請,參加一些鄰居家的聚會。

        3. 當begin, cease, start, continue等與see(明白), know(知道), realize(意識到), understand(理解)等狀態動詞連用時,其后通常要用不定式,不用動名詞。如:

        I soon began to understand what was happening. 我很快開始明白了正在發生什么事。

        I am beginning to realize why he acted as he did. 我現在剛剛開始明白他為什么那樣做。

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